An analysis of over 100 applications submitted between 1995 and 2014 to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) shows that various challenges can arise in the development of medicines meant to treat central nervous system (CNS) disorders, and highlights the importance of an appropriate design of early-stage clinical trials for future success in the development.
This analysis of the applications for medicines in the fields of psychiatry or neurology, led by staff members of EMA, is published in Nature Reviews Drug Discovery. Research into medicines for CNS is complex, with a higher rate of failure during the clinical development of these products compared to other fields of medicine.
The authors scrutinised the clinical development programs submitted to EMA and assessed by the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) as part of marketing authorisation applications for new or existing medicines for a total of 103 applications, including 57 in neurology and 46 in psychiatry. 74 had a positive opinion following the scientific assessment by the CHMP and 29 were rejected or withdrawn. The diseases addressed by these medicines included for example schizophrenia, major depressive disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis.
Overall, in the course of the assessment, the CHMP identified issues around the efficacy data for the medicines in more than one third of programmes and safety issues in more than half of the programmes.
Over 50% of the applications that had major problems with the outcome confirmatory study (in terms of efficacy and/or safety) also had issues in the early clinical development; this was the case in only 13% of applications that did not show any major clinical outcome issues. Likewise, 91% of development programmes that had problems in the early development phases also had issues at concerning the results of confirmatory studies. Similar issues in the later phase of drug development occurred in only 55% of those applications that did not have problems in the early phases.