NHS hospitals in England dealt with 20,320 admissions for allergies in the 12 months to February. This represents a 7.7% increase from 18,860 for the previous 12 months new figures from the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) show.
The rate of admissions for allergies for both genders is highest in those aged 0-4 and it is higher in males than in females in this age group. The rate for both genders generally decreases with age with a higher rate of admissions in females than in males in older age bands. The report also shows that 61.8% (12,560) of admissions due to allergic reactions were emergencies, a 6.2% increase (730) on the same period last year (11,830).
Chair of the HSCIC, Kingsley Manning said: “The statistics we are publishing today provides fresh insight into hospital admissions for allergies, which have increased by almost eight per cent in the last year. In the 12 months to February, 61.8 per cent of all allergy related hospital admissions were emergencies, a rise of just over six per cent. This vital information on allergy admissions in England paints a clear picture for policy makers of the scale of hospital in patient care for these conditions.”
Nearly one in five (4070) of admissions were for anaphylactic reactions, an increase of 9.9% (370) from the same period last year. The Birmingham and the Black Country Area Team had the highest rate of admissions for anaphylactic reactions at 11.2 per 100,000 of the population. Merseyside Area Team was found to have the lowest at 5.1 per 100,000 of the population.
In the 12 months to February 2014:
- Admissions for allergic rhinitis increased by 10.9% in males and 13.3% in females from the previous 12 month period.
- 93.7% of these allergic rhinitis admissions were elective and of these 62.9% underwent subcutaneous immunotherapy treatment.
- Hospital admissions for food allergies increased by 6.4%.
Allergic rhinitis is inflammation of the inside of the nose caused by an allergen, such as pollen, dust, mould or certain animal danders. It often causes cold-like symptoms, such as sneezing, itchiness and a blocked or runny nose. These symptoms usually start soon after being exposed to an allergen. Some people only get allergic rhinitis for a few months at a time because they are sensitive to seasonal allergens, such as tree or grass pollen. Other people get allergic rhinitis all year round.
Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that can develop rapidly. It is also known as anaphylactic shock.