Professor Gillian Leng, NICE deputy chief executive, said: “Severe symptoms can develop in sepsis very quickly. If high-risk patients are not identified and treated promptly, people can be left with debilitating problems. In the worst cases, they may die. This quality standard highlights priorities in the continued fight to improve sepsis care. We know from recent case reviews that there are inconsistencies in how people’s symptoms are assessed in different settings. More can be done to provide rapid treatment.”
The quality standard highlight areas from NICE’s 2016 sepsis guideline that will help health professionals improve care for those who are at risk of becoming seriously ill.
It stresses that staff in any setting, from GPs to paramedics, should check people for specific signs that will show if their symptoms are life-threatening. This includes taking their temperature or heart rate, or checking for rashes and skin discolouration.
Anyone found to be high-risk should be seen by senior hospital staff immediately. This review would be carried out by an available doctor or nurse who is authorised to prescribe antibiotics.
Dr Ron Daniels BEM, Chief Executive of the UK Sepsis Trust, comments: “An emphasis on timely treatment and diagnosis is crucial if we are to improve outcomes for people with sepsis, and this quality standard could be a hugely impactful reinforcement of the recent guideline recommendation that sepsis is treated with same urgency as heart attacks.”
NICE says that high-risk sepsis patients should get antibiotics and IV fluid treatment within the hour. If it will take more than an hour to get someone to hospital, GPs or ambulance staff can also administer antibiotics.
Prompt treatment means people are more likely to survive and it reduces the risk of further problems like heart failure or limb amputation.
The 2015 report from the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death found that 40% of people admitted to A&E with sepsis did not have a timely review by a senior clinician. It also reported avoidable delays in administering antibiotics in more than a quarter (29%) of cases and inconsistencies in early use of intravenous (IV) fluid.
Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said: “Every death from sepsis is a tragedy, yet too often the warning signs are missed - we need to get far better at spotting sepsis across the NHS and this advice shows how vital it is for clinicians to treat life-threatening symptoms as soon as possible. Our relentless drive to raise awareness of this deadly condition, as well as the tireless efforts of campaigners and families who have lost loved ones, has seen a million leaflets and posters already distributed to GP clinics, hospitals and other public places - helping raise awareness to fight against this devastating condition.”
A recent study from the York Health Economics Consortium suggests that 260,000 people in the UK develop sepsis every year. And the UK Sepsis Trust estimates that sepsis kills around 44,000 people per year. Not everyone with sepsis will be at risk of getting seriously ill. NICE says that people who are classed as low-risk should get information on what to do if they continue to feel unwell and how to get further medical help.
NICE is asking for views on the draft quality standard. It is out for public consultation until Friday 7 April 2017.