Identifying and managing pain for patients with advanced dementia
Pain management in patients with dementia is challenging. Although selfreporting is considered to be the gold standard for pain assessment, patients with dementia can find it difficult to verbalise their pain due to memory problems and communication difficulties. This is part two of a two-part article.
Parkinson’s disease tremor: differential diagnosis and management
Tremor is one of the hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease (PD), and its association with rigidity and bradykinesia typically makes the distinction of PD and other neurological causes of tremor, such as essential tremor, quite straight-forward. However, the differential diagnosis between various causes of tremor may prove clinically challenging.
Management of inpatients with Parkinson’s Disease in the acute setting
Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common neuro-degenerative disease that affects 2% of the population above the age of 80 years. Patients with PD have a higher rate of hospitalisation than the general population and their length of stay is longer. Early involvement of the multidisciplinary team is important to reduce morbidity and length of stay.