Degarelix was first approved by the European Medicines Agency for men with advanced hormone-dependent prostate cancer in 2009, and has been available in the UK since 2010. The ongoing changes to NICE’s guidance since then have resulted in great variations in access to degarelix across the UK, and between regions in England and Northern Ireland. The use of degarelix has been recommended in Scotland and Wales for several years for its full indication.
“It is great news for patients with advanced hormone-dependent prostate cancer that degarelix has finally been approved by NICE,” said Professor Roger Kirby, Professor of Urology, University of London, UK. “As a urologist, I am pleased that this rapidly acting and effective treatment is now available for men whose disease has spread to the spine.”
Testosterone-lowering therapy is considered a primary treatment for prostate cancer. In clinical studies, degarelix demonstrated an immediate reduction in testosterone levels upon initial use, achieving clinically significant levels within three days. Maintenance therapy with degarelix led to long-term testosterone suppression for up to five years. Degarelix has shown significantly longer progression-free survival, compared with luteinising hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists, an existing hormonal therapy. Furthermore, clinical studies have demonstrated that men treated with degarelix have a significantly reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, fewer musculoskeletal events and a lower incidence of urinary tract events than those treated with LHRH agonists. Treatment with degarelix has also demonstrated a more rapid reduction in prostate-specific antigen (PSA);4 a significant reduction in the risk of PSA progression, compared with existing hormonal therapies; and a better control of serum alkaline phosphatase6 (S-ALP), which is indicative of tumour activity within bones.
Rowena Bartlett, Chief Executive, Tackle Prostate Cancer, commented: “The revised NICE recommendation means that those men living with advanced hormone-dependent prostate cancer now have a significantly better chance of receiving this important therapy. Prostate cancer is still one of the lead killers of men living in the UK, and there is a need for much greater urgency in making treatments available. This decision also comes at a particularly challenging time for prostate cancer treatment in the UK, with access to cancer drugs in England becoming increasingly impacted by cuts to the Cancer Drugs Fund.”