Alzheimer’s disease seems to share the same vascular risk factors as vascular dementia and cardiovascular
disease. The evidence for this, although far from complete, continues to grow, and the potential to
prevent and control Alzheimer’s disease should add increased urgency and enthusiasm to the control
of shared risk factors. Research also suggests that the brain has considerable cognitive recuperative
potential, which is maximised by control of vascular risk factors. Doctors and health-care professionals
should be more active in informing and educating those at risk, from middle-age onwards, of the
potential benefits of controlling these common risk factors and adoption of healthier life styles. Patients
must be involved in their own health care to enable them to attain optimum health.