Syncope, or fainting, is a symptom rather than a disease. It can be caused by several
underlying conditions and can often be mistaken for epilepsy. This can lead to inappropriate
prescribing and signifi cant health costs. In the second part of this article, Drs Sanjiv Petkar,
Adam Fitzpatrick and Paul Cooper discuss the diagnostic tools available for identifying
syncope and how it can be differentiated from epilepsy.